An incomplete list of potentially dangerous and highly dangerous foods and plants.
There are many foods that rats CAN eat but are a potential chocking hazard, such as sticky foods( peanut butter for examples) or very stringy foods. Make sure to dilute sticky foods and chop up stringy foods into finer bits. As scavengers, rats can eat most things. This doesn't mean everything they can have is healthy. When giving your rats foods, be mindful of the sugar and salt content.
HAZARDOUS COMMON FOODS
Many foods that are completely safe for humans, can be very harmful to our pets, not only rats.
This should be a no brained as it is bad for us humans too. Do not let your rat interact with beer bottles etc for a cute picture either. Alcohol is known to cause high blood pressure, digestive issues, strokes and contribute to the likely hood of developing numerous cancers.
Apple seeds, Cherry pits, Apricot leaves, stems & pits
All of these contain cyanide. Cyanide is a rapidly acting, potentially deadly( in certain amounts) toxin. Cyanide prevents the cells of the body from using oxygen. When this happens, those cells die.
Popular ingredient in home made rat poisons
Green potatoes and eyes
Green potatoes. contain high levels of solanine, a toxin which causes nausea and neurological problems. Potato eyes contain high levels of glycoalkaloids, which cause digestive issues.
Caffeinated drinks (MOST TEAS ARE NOT CAFFEIN FREE)
Raises blood pressure and causes cardiac arrhythmias, which can be dangerous for pets, especially small pets as they already have a very rapid heart rate.
Extremely high in sugars and unhealthy. This also includes diet drinks as these include xylitol, which is known to cause problems with small animals. Problems such as liver issues, sugar level fluctuation, interference with the blood's ability to clot. Even ones that are very low in sugar still contain a lot of unhealthy ingredients. Any carbonated drinks should not be given as the carbonation itself can make your animal feel unwell as well.
unhealthy and a potential chocking hazard.
dried corn (in USA, not in Europe)
The way corn is dried in America doesn't make it safe for animal consumption. Dried corn in America has a higher risk of aflatoxins, which are a family of toxins produces by certain fungi found in crop such as maze aka corn. These toxins are known to be carcinogenic.
Evidence shows that licorice is suspected to cause neurological poisoning in rats.
Mouldy foods can make your rats extremely sick just like they can make you very sick.
Poppy seeds contain opium alkaloids (morphine, codeine, thebaine, noscapine, and papaverine). These are safe for humans to consume to due to the low levels, but are known to make rats unwell.
Rhubarb greens contain a compound known as oxalic acid (a poisonous crystalline acid) that can cause kidney failure and can even be fatal for small animals.
The plants in this list contain a variety of poisons that cause different symptoms, which can include skin rashes, drooling, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, depression, tremors, and kidney damage. Some can even be fatal, like wolf's bane that can even kill a human. Many of us enjoy having house plants, so it is important to know what's safe to have within reach of our pets.
Angel Trumpet Tree
Apricot leaves, stems & pits
Bird of Paradise
Bitter almond pits
Black locust seeds
Black nightshade berry
Calamondin orange tree
Cherry leaves, twigs & pits
Crown of thorns
Fruit salad plant
Indian rubber plant
Lily of the valley
Peach leaves & pits
Poppy (all but California)
Potato plant & sprouts
Snow on the mountain
Star of Bethlehem
String of pearls
Swiss cheese plant
Virginia creeper berries
Western false hellebore
White snake root